India’s first national park was established in 1936 as Hailey National Park, now known as Jim Corbett National Park, Uttarakhand. India only had five national parks. In 1972, As of July 2015, there were 105 national parks encompassing an area of 40,500 km2 (15,600 sq mi), comprising 1.23% of India’s total surface area. India is a vast South Asian country with diverse terrain from Himalayan peaks to Indian Ocean coastline.
It is the seventh-largest country by area, the second-most populous country with over 1.2 billion people, and the most populous democracy in the world. Bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the south-west, and the Bay of Bengal on the south-east, it shares land borders with Pakistan to the west; China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the north-east; and Myanmar (Burma) and Bangladesh to the east.
In the Indian Ocean, India is in the vicinity of Sri Lanka and the Maldives; in addition, India’s Andaman and Nicobar Islands share a maritime border with Thailand and Indonesia. Economists estimate India to have been the most populous and wealthiest region of the world throughout the first millennium.
List of top national parks in India
Kali Tiger Reserve: is a protected area and a Project Tiger tiger reserve and is located in Uttara Kannada district, in the Indian state of Karnataka, bordering the state of Goa. The National Park is a habitat of Bengal tigers, black panthers and Indian elephants, amongst other distinctive fauna.The Kali River flows through the Tiger reserve and is the lifeline of the ecosystem and hence the name. The Tiger reserve is spread over an area of 1300 square kilometres
Bandipur National Park: is a national park located in the south Indian state of Karnataka. It was once a private hunting reserve for the Maharaja of the Kingdom of Mysore but has now been upgraded to Bandipur Tiger Reserve. Bandipur is known for its wildlife and has many types of biomes, but the dry deciduous forest is dominant. The park spans an area of 874 square kilometres (337 sq mi), protecting several species of India’s endangered wildlife. Within the national park area are six rural villages enclosed within three large enclosures for sheep and cattle farming.
Bannerghatta National Park: It is a popular tourist destination with a zoo, a pet corner, an animal rescue centre, a butterfly enclosure, an aquarium, a snake house and a safari park. There are ancient temples in the park for worship and it is a destination for trekking.
Balphakram National Park: is a national park ranging from under 200 to over 800 meters above sea level, near the Garo Hills in Meghalaya, India. It is the home of the barking deer and the golden cat. Commonly seen animals include wild water buffalo, red panda, elephant and eight species of cats including tiger and marbled cat. Balpakram, land of the eternal death, according to Garo myth, has a very beautiful landscape and one of the best Canyon around the region.
Bandhavgarh National Park: is one of the popular national parks in India located in the Umaria district of Madhya Pradesh. The park derives its name from the most prominent hillock of the area, which was said to be given by Hindu Lord Rama to his brother Lakshmana to keep a watch on Lanka
Bhitarkanika National Park: is a national park located in the Kendrapara District Odisha in eastern India. The national park is surrounded by the Bhitarkanika Wildlife Sanctuary. Gahirmatha Beach and Marine Sanctuary lies to the east and separates swamp region cover with a canopy of mangroves from the Bay of Bengal. The park is home to the endangered Saltwater Crocodile (Crocodylus porosus), White Crocodile, Indian python, King Cobra, black ibis, darters and many other species of flora and fauna.
Blackbuck National Park: the park is located around 42 km from the district headquarters city of Bhavnagar. It is spread over an area of 34.08 km2, which was primarily a “video” (grassland) of the maharaja of the princely state of Bhavnagar for hunting the blackbucks with his famous hunting cheetahs. On the northern side, it is surrounded by wastelands and agriculture fields. Flat land, dry grasses and herds of antelope have always attracted visitors to this park which has a grassland ecosystem. Successful conservation programs for the black buck, wolf and lesser florican (a bustard) are ongoing.
Buxa Tiger Reserve: is a 760-square-kilometre (290 sq mi) tiger reserve located inside the Buxa National Park. The reserve encompasses as many as eight forest types. The divisional headquarters is located at Alipurduar. Among the wild animals, clouded leopard, tiger, wild dog, pangolin, Himalayan black bear are rare. Buxa Fort is an important landmark for this reserve. This fort was captured by the British-India in 1865 after the Dooars War from Bhutan.
Campbell Bay National Park: is a national park in India, located on the island of Great Nicobar, the largest of the Nicobar Islands in the eastern Indian Ocean some 190 km to the north of Sumatra. The park has an approximate area of some 426 km² and is separated from the smaller Galathea National Park by a 12-km wide forest buffer zone.
Chandoli National Park: It is located at the junction of Sangli District, Kolhapur District, Satara District and Ratnagiri District. It lies between the Koyna Wildlife Sanctuary and Radhanagri Wildlife Sanctuary and forms the southern part of the Sahyadri Tiger Reserve. Chandoli Park is notable as the southern portion of the Sahyadri Tiger Reserve, with Koyna Wildlife Sanctuary forming the northern part of the reserve.
Grasses saw here include Bangala or bluestem grass sp., Dongarra or golden beard grass (fulvous), black spear grass, kalikusli or tangled grass, Anjan grass or buffel grass, grader grass or karad or kangaroo grass (quadrivalvis) and grasses belonging to Poaceae family, like saphet-kusli or Aristida funiculata. Insectivorous plant species like sundews and bladderworts sp. are also found in this protected area.
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