The urban planning is a technical and political process concerned with the development and use of land, planning permission, protection and use of the environment, public welfare, and the design of the urban environment, including air, water, and the infrastructure passing into and out of urban areas, such as transportation, communications, and distribution networks.
The term urban planning is also referred to has Urban and Regional Planning, Regional Planning, Town Planning, City Planning, Rural Planning or some combination in various areas worldwide. This term also takes many forms and it can share perspectives and practices with urban design.
Urban and regional planning guides orderly development in urban, suburban and rural areas. Although predominantly concerned with the planning of settlements and communities, urban planning is responsible for the planning and development of water use and resources, rural and agricultural land, parks and conserving areas of natural environmental significance. Practitioners of urban planning are concerned with research and analysis, strategic thinking, architecture, urban design, public consultation, policy recommendations, implementation and management.
Property development is a business process, encompassing activities that range from the renovation and re-lease of existing buildings to the purchase of raw land and the sale of developed land or parcels to others. Real estate developers are the people and companies who coördinate these activities, converting ideas from paper to real property.
The developers usually take the greatest risk in the creation or renovation of real estate and receive the greatest rewards. Typically, developers buy a tract of land, determine the marketing of the property, develop the building program and design, get the necessary public approval and financing, build the structures, and rent out, manage, and ultimately sell it.
Urban Planning and Property Development Theory
The urban planning and property development combine real estate management, urban and regional planning and design. The programme aims to produce graduates who can work equally in the private, public and voluntary sectors of the planning industry, and in the land and property development and management industry.
There is a sandwich course for urban planning and property development at the Heriot-Watt University based in Edinburgh, Scotland to give students the opportunity to spend one year in a paid placement before completing the last year of study. The course is accredited by the Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors (RICS) for graduate membership, and by the Royal Town Planning Institute (RTPI).
Successful completion of the degree in urban planning and property development and later approved practical experience will enable you to apply for the Assessments of Professional Competence of RTPI and RICS, culminating in professional membership of one or both Institutes. In the UK there is a shortage of qualified professionals, which is set to continue for the foreseeable future, so our graduates are in high demand. Visit the University website for more information about the programme structure, the type of job it can lead to, and why you should consider studying it.