The environmental noise pollution in Lagos State has an impact on the quality of life and it is a serious health and social problem. The focus of this article is to assess the sources and noise levels, and possible impacts in selected urban environmental are of Lagos
Lagos state is a huge metropolis which originated on islands separated by creeks such as Lagos Island that fringe the southwest mouth of Lagos Lagoon protected from the Atlantic Ocean by long sand spits such as Bar Beach which stretch up to 100 km east and west of the mouth. Lagos was originally inhabited by the Awori subgroup of the Yoruba People. Under the leadership of their Olofin, the Awori moved to an island now called Iddo and then to the larger Lagos Island.
Lagos is the smallest state in Nigeria in terms of land area but the second most populous state and arguably the economically important state of Nigeria. The urban environmental noise pollution simply entails all that makes the urban centre not to be conducive for living and also makes the environment to be unhealthy for a living.
In spite of the extensive generation of noise in urban areas of Nigeria, surprisingly little research and documentation exist on the nature and extent of noise generation activities, their accompanying impacts and the implication for urban communities and their residents. In recent years, noise has been identified in the developed countries as a regrettable but necessary fact of city life.
The above observation is no less true of Nigerian urban life. Increasingly, urban noise is getting louder and more pervasive, prompting public comments and few noise abatement regulations. It has observed however that these regulations have failed to curb noise. Noise is also seen as a sound which is not wanted by the recipients, it is clear that what may be a pleasant and enjoyable sound to one person may not be to another person.
Sources and Causes of Noise Pollution in Lagos Environmental Areas
The various sources of noise pollution in Lagos environmental area may be grouped into various categories
– Road Traffic
– Industrial Activities
– Entertaining Activities
Effects of Noise on the Residents of Lagos State
– Disturbance to Sleep: It has been argued by a scholar that a general bodily reaction to noise often contributes to feelings of fatigues, irritability, or tension. Disturbance to sleep can, in turn, result in muscular tension, diminished work effectiveness, and slower reaction time.
– Interference with Communication and Productivity: Noise has been established to be an unambiguously interferes with both communication and productivity. Amongst the specific disorder reportedly suffered from exposure to noise were a headache, lack of concentration, dizziness, and nervousness.
– Cardiovascular and Gastric Impact: A practitioner has found out that sudden noise automatically causes constriction of peripheral blood vessels (in toes, fingers, and abdominal muscles). Sometimes, noise pollution can cause dilation of blood vessels in the retina and the brain. Marked gastric alteration similarly occurs on exposure to sudden and unexpected noise.
– Hearing Loss: Another practitioner has also asserted that noise impairs people hearing. He explains that a medical examination of anyone who is continuously exposed to sounds like those coming from car-horns, loud speakers, and air crafts will show that the person will definitely have impaired hearing.
African Journal of Biomedical Research | Urban Environmental Noise Pollution and Perceived Health Effects in Ibadan, Nigeria
Lagos State Government Ministry of the Environment | Noise: A Menace for Urban Development
National Open University of Nigeria | Air and Noise Pollution
International Journal of Scientific and Engineering Research | Study of Road Traffic Noise Pollution and Impacts on Residents of Ikeja Local Government Area, Lagos State, Nigeria
National Science | A Survey of Noise Pollution in Ado-Ekiti Metropolis Using Mobile Phone
Journal of Sustainable Development | Impact of Sanitary Land fills on Urban Residential Property Value in Lagos State, Nigeria
Environ Monit Assess | Evaluation and analysis of noise levels in Ilorin metropolis, Nigeria
International Journal of Engineering Inventions | Spatial Patterns of Urban Air Pollution in an Industrial Estate, Lagos Nigeria
International Journal of Sustainable Development | Environmental Impact of Small Scale Industries on the Urban Environment of Port Harcourt
Enugu State University of Science and Technology, Agbani | The Devastating Effects of Environmental Degradation in the Niger Delta Region of Nigeria
International Journal of Applied Science and Technology | Environmental Benefits and Challenges of ICT. The Lagos Experience
IOSR Journal of Environmental Science, Toxicology and Food Technology (IOSR-JESTFT) | Industrial Waste Management Practices in Lagos, Nigeria
Faculty of Science and Engineering, University of Wolverhampton, UK | Performance indicators for urban transport development in Nigeria
Journal of Research in Environmental Science and Toxicology | Environmental Pollution and Sustainability
Fig | The Devastating Effects of Environmental Degradation – A Case Study of the Niger Delta Region of Nigeria
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci. | Review article: A review and critical analysis of the efforts towards
urban flood risk management in the Lagos region of Nigeria
184 total views, 3 views today